Burns, Robert

(1759-1796)
   Scotland's national poet. One of seven children, Burns was born January 25 in a small thatched cottage at Alloway, near Ayr (now a museum). Scots all over the world celebrate Burns Night on that date. William Burns, a stern Calvinist farmer, ensured that Robert received a sound education in English, including classic authors from Shakespeare onward, and a knowledge of French and mathematics. His spare time was occupied on his father's ailing farm as laborer and ploughman. His father died in 1784, saved from the embarrassment of Robert's satirical attacks on the kirk, and from his love affairs, which resulted in many illegitimate children. Yet it was these relationships that produced the warmest, richest, most tender and most sensuous love songs that any poet has written, songs such as: "Auld Lang Syne," "Scots Wha Hae," "Comin' thro' the Rye," and "Mary of Argyle." A Burns memorial was erected in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey in 1885. Some of his other poems: "A Red, Red Rose," "Allan Water," "Flow Gently, Sweet Afton," "Grace After Dinner," "Mary Morison," "Ode [for General Washington's Birthday]," "To a Mouse," "To a Haggis."
   Sources: Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. English Poetry: Author Search. Chadwyck-Healey Ltd., 1995 (http://www.lib.utexas.edu:8080/search/epoetry/author.html). The Burns Encyclopedia (www.robertburns.org/encyclopedia). The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The National Portrait Gallery (www.npg.org.uk). The New Oxford Book of Eighteenth Century Verse. Roger Lonsdale, ed. Oxford University Press, 1984. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Burns,Robert — Burns, Robert. 1759 1796. Scottish poet considered the major poetic voice of his nation. His lyrics, written in dialect and infused with humor, celebrate love, patriotism, and rustic life.   Burnsʹi·an adj. * * * …   Universalium

  • Burns, Robert — born Jan. 25, 1759, Alloway, Ayrshire, Scot. died July 21, 1796, Dumfries, Dumfriesshire National poet of Scotland. The son of a poor farmer, he early became familiar with orally transmitted folk song and tales. His father s farm failed, and a… …   Universalium

  • Burns, Robert — (1759 1796)    Poet, was b. near Ayr, the s. of William Burness or Burns, a small farmer, and a man of considerable force of character and self culture. His youth was passed in poverty, hardship, and a degree of severe manual labour which left… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • BURNS, ROBERT —    celebrated Scottish poet, born at Alloway, near Ayr, in 1759, son of an honest, intelligent peasant, who tried farming in a small way, but did not prosper; tried farming himself on his father s decease in 1784, but took to rhyming by… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Burns, Robert — ► (1759 96) Poeta escocés. Su primer libro de poemas, Poemas escritos principalmente en dialecto escocés (1786), encierra una crítica social generalizada. * * * (25 ene. 1759, Alloway, Ayrshire, Escocia–21 jul. 1796, Dumfries, Dumfriesshire).… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BURNS, Robert — (1759 1796)    National Poet of Scotland whose poetry is highly skeptical and reflects ENLIGHTENMENT VALUES …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Burns, Robert Easton — (1805 1863)    Born in Niagara. Called to the bar of Upper Canada, 1827. Practised at Niagara, St. Catharines, and Hamilton. Appointed judge of the Niagara District, 1836; judge of the Home District, 1844; judge of the Court of Queen s Bench,… …   The makers of Canada

  • Robert Burns — (* 25. Januar 1759 in Alloway, Ayrshire; † 21. Juli 1796 Dumfries, Dumfriesshire) war ein schottischer Schriftsteller und Poet in der Zeit der Aufklärung. Er verfasste zahlreiche Gedichte, politi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Burns (homme politique quebecois) — Robert Burns (homme politique québécois) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Robert Burns. Robert Burns (5 septembre 1936 à Montréal ) a été député du Parti québécois de 1970 à 1979 et a été membre du gouvernement de René Lévesque de 1976 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Burns (politicien québécois) — Robert Burns (homme politique québécois) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Robert Burns. Robert Burns (5 septembre 1936 à Montréal ) a été député du Parti québécois de 1970 à 1979 et a été membre du gouvernement de René Lévesque de 1976 …   Wikipédia en Français

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